NEWS & VIEWS

1 H7N9 avian influenza virus - search and re-search Yu-Mei Wen and Hans-Dieter Klenk

2 A fatal case caused by novel H7N9 avian influenza A virus in China - Feifei Yang, Jiali Wang, Lin Jiang, Jialin Jin, Lingyun Shao, Ying Zhang, Jiming Zhang, Xinhua Weng, Shu Chen and Wenhong Zhang

3 Virus ecology: a gap between detection and prediction - Christian Drosten

4 Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus expands its borders - Ying Wu and George F Gao

5 Dolphin Morbillivirus: a lethal but valuable infection model - Giovanni Di Guardo and Sandro Mazzariol

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

6 Emerging human respiratory syncytial virus genotypeON1found in infants with pneumonia in Beijing, China - Guanglin Cui, Yuan Qian, Runan Zhu, Jie Deng, Linqing Zhao, Yu Sun and Fang Wang

7 Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection in marine mammals in California - Walter M Boyce, Ignacio Mena, Pamela K Yochem, Frances MD Gulland, Adolfo Garcı´a-Sastre, Noelia Moreno, Daniel R Perez, Ana S Gonzalez-Reiche and Brent S Stewart

8 Mild infection of a novel H7N9 avian influenza virus in children in Shanghai - Xuelian Yu, Xi Zhang, Yi He, Huanyu Wu, Xia Gao, Qichao Pan, Jiaren Shen, Jianming Zhu, Hongyou Chen, Yiyi Zhu, Fan Wu, Jianwei Wang and Zhengan Yuan

CASE REPORTS

9 Rare Elizabethkingia meningosepticum meningitis case in an immunocompetent adult - Salim S Hayek, Thura T Abd, Sushma K Cribbs, Albert M Anderson, Andre Melendez, Miwako Kobayashi, Carmen Polito and Yun F (Wayne) Wang

10 The expanding spectrum of human infections caused by Kocuria species: a case report and literature review - Shashikala Purty, Rajagopalan Saranathan, K Prashanth, K Narayanan, Johny Asir, Chandrakesan Sheela Devi and Satish Kumar Amarnath

REVIEWS

11 A highly pathogenic new bunyavirus emerged in China - Dexin Li

12 Pathogen–host–environment interplay and disease emergence - Anneke Engering, Lenny Hogerwerf and Jan Slingenbergh

13 Hepatitis B virus genetic variants: biological properties and clinical implications - Shuping Tong, Jisu Li, Jack R Wands and Yu-mei Wen

14 T-cell responses in hepatitis B and C virus infection: similarities and differences - Julia Schmidt, Hubert E Blum and Robert Thimme

15 Perspectives of public health laboratories in emerging infectious diseases - Kaw Bing Chua and Duane J Gubler

16 New features of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in China - Junjie Xu, Xiaoxu Han, Kathleen H Reilly and Hong Shang

17 Human H7N9 avian influenza virus infection: a review and pandemic risk assessment - Kang Yiu Lai, George Wing Yiu Ng, Kit Fai Wong, Ivan Fan Ngai Hung, Jeffrey Kam Fai Hong, Fanny Fan Cheng and John Kwok Cheung Chan

18 Hepatitis B virus reverse transcriptase: diverse functions as classical and emerging targets for antiviral intervention - Scott A Jones and Jianming Hu

19 IL-17 cytokines in immunity and inflammation - Wei Jin and Chen Dong

20 Clostridium difficile infection in the twenty-first century - Chandrabali Ghose

21 Progress towards a hepatitis C virus vaccine - Lok Man John Law, Abdolamir Landi, Wendy C Magee, D Lorne Tyrrell and Michael Houghton

22 Imino sugar glucosidase inhibitors as broadly active anti-filovirus agents - Jinhong Chang, Ju-Tao Guo, Yanming Du and Timothy Block

23 The risk of Rift Valley fever virus introduction and establishment in the United States and European Union - Alicia I Rolin, Lea Berrang-Ford and Manisha A Kulkarni

24 The receptor binding and transmission studies of H5N1 influenza virus in mammals - Hanjun Zhao , Jie Zhou, Shibo Jiang and Bo-Jian Zheng

25 Epidemiology, geographical distribution, and economic consequences of swine zoonoses: a narrative review - Salah Uddin Khan, Kalina R Atanasova, Whitney S Krueger, Alejandro Ramirez and Gregory C Gray

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

26 Prevalence of phocine distemper virus specific antibodies: bracing for the next seal epizootic in north-western Europe - Rogier Bodewes, Danny Morick, Marco WG van de Bildt, Nynke Osinga, Ana Rubio Garcı´a, Guillermo J Sa´nchez Contreras, Saskia L Smits, Leslie AP Reperant, Thijs Kuiken and Albert DME Osterhaus

27 Protease activation mutants elicit protective immunity against highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of subtype H7 in chickens and mice - Ralf Wagner, Gu¨lsah Gabriel, Matthias Schlesner, Nina Alex, Astrid Herwig, Ortrud Werner and Hans-Dieter Klenk

28 Pathobiology of hepatitis E: lessons learned from primate models - Robert H Purcell, Ronald E Engle, Sugantha Govindarajan, Richard Herbert, Marisa St Claire, William R Elkins, Anthony Cook, Charlene Shaver, Michelle Beauregard, Joanne Swerczek and Suzanne U Emerson

29 Integrated whole-genome sequencing and temporospatial analysis of a continuing Group A Streptococcus epidemic - Nahuel Fittipaldi, Gregory J Tyrrell, Donald E Low, Irene Martin, David Lin, Kumar L Hari and James M Musser

30 Prevalence and characterization of influenza viruses in diverse species in Los Llanos, Colombia - Erik A Karlsson, Karl Ciuoderis, Pamela J Freiden, Bradley Seufzer, Jeremy C Jones, Jordan Johnson, Rocio Parra, Agustin Gongora, Dario Cardenas, Diana Barajas, Jorge E Osorio and Stacey Schultz-Cherry

31 Clinical presentation and sequence analyses of HA and NA antigens of the novel H7N9 viruses - Jiankang Han, Furong Niu, Meihua Jin, Lili Wang, Jia Liu, Peng Zhang, Bo Xie, Xiaofang Wu, Dong Wen, Lei Ji, Guangtao Liu, Zhongrong Yang, Chiyu Zhang, Dongming Zhou, Qibin Leng and Ke Lan

32 Poor responses to oseltamivir treatment in a patient with influenza A (H7N9) virus infection - Xuhui Liu, Tao Li, Yufang Zheng, Ka-Wing Wong, Shuihua Lu and Hongzhou Lu

33 Population dynamics of rhesus macaques and associated foamy virus in Bangladesh - Mostafa M Feeroz, Khanh Soliven, Christopher T Small, Gregory A Engel, M Andreina Pacheco, JoAnn L Yee, Xiaoxing Wang, M Kamrul Hasan, Gunwha Oh, Kathryn L Levine, SM Rabiul Alam, Karen L Craig, Dana L Jackson, Eun-Gyung Lee, Peter A Barry, Nicholas W Lerche, Ananias A Escalante, Frederick A Matsen IV, Maxine L Linial and Lisa Jones-Engel

34 Salmonella type III effector SopB modulates host cell exocytosis - Charlotte A Perrett and Daoguo Zhou

35 Mutations in panD encoding aspartate decarboxylase are associated with pyrazinamide resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Shuo Zhang, Jiazhen Chen, Wanliang Shi, Wei Liu, Wenhong Zhang and Ying Zhang

36 Recruitment of HIV-1 target cells at topical mucosal sites: a sensitive and early marker for determining the safety of microbicide candidates - Liangzhu Li, Yinyin Ben, Songhua Yuan, Aiping Liu, Huanmei Wu, Jianqing Xu and Xiaoyan Zhang

37 EV71-infected CD141 cells modulate the immune activity of T lymphocytes in rhesus monkeys - Jingjing Wang, Jing Pu, Hongtai Huang, Ying Zhang, Longding Liu, Erxia Yang, Xiaofang Zhou, Na Ma, Hongling Zhao, Lichun Wang, Zhenfeng Xie, Donghong Tang and Qihan Li

38 Infection of inbred BALB/c and C57BL/6 and outbred Institute of Cancer Research mice with the emerging H7N9 avian influenza virus - Zhaoqin Zhu, Yuqin Yang, Yanling Feng, Bisheng Shi, Lixiang Chen, Ye Zheng, Di Tian, Zhigang Song, Chunhua Xu, Boyin Qin, Xiaonan Zhang, Wencai Guan, Fang Liu, Tao Yang, Hua Yang, Dong Zeng, Wenjiang Zhou, Yunwen Hu and Xiaohui Zhou

39 Rapidly produced SAM® vaccine against H7N9 influenza is immunogenic in mice - Armin Hekele, Sylvie Bertholet, Jacob Archer, Daniel G Gibson, Giuseppe Palladino, Luis A Brito, Gillis R Otten, Michela Brazzoli, Scilla Buccato, Alessandra Bonci, Daniele Casini, Domenico Maione, Zhi-Qing Qi, John E Gill, Nicky C Caiazza, Jun Urano, Bolyn Hubby, George F Gao, Yuelong Shu, Ennio De Gregorio, Christian W Mandl, Peter W Mason, Ethan C Settembre, Jeffrey B Ulmer, J Craig Venter, Philip R Dormitzer, Rino Rappuoli and Andrew J Geall

40 Reduction of influenza virus-induced lung inflammation and mortality in animals treated with a phosophodisestrase-4 inhibitor and a selective serotonin reuptake - Geeta Sharma, Danilal Champalal Sharma, Leong Hwei Fen, Mukta Pathak, Nijaguna Bethur, Vishal Pendharkar, Malik Peiris and Ralf Altmeyer

41 Zoonotic simian foamy virus in Bangladesh reflects diverse patterns of transmission and co-infection - Gregory A Engel, Christopher T Small, Khanh Soliven, Mostafa M Feeroz, Xiaoxing Wang, M Kamrul Hasan, Gunwha Oh, SM Rabiul Alam, Karen L Craig, Dana L Jackson, Frederick A Matsen IV, Maxine L Linial and Lisa Jones-Engel

42 The fibronectin-binding motif within FlpA facilitates Campylobacter jejuni adherence to host cell and activation of host cell signaling - Charles L Larson, Derrick R Samuelson, Tyson P Eucker, Jason L O’Loughlin and Michael E Konkel

43 Beyond buzzing: mosquito watching stimulates malaria bednet use—a household-based cluster-randomized controlled assessor blind educational trial - Tomonori Hoshi, Paul Martin Banda, Dylo Foster Pemba, Toshihiko Sunahara and Noboru Minakawa

44 Incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in a children’s hospital in the Washington metropolitan area of the United States, 2003 – 2010 - Xiaoyan Song, Jonathan Cogen and Nalini Singh

45 Children of rural-to-urban migrant workers in China are at a higher risk of contracting severe hand, foot and mouth disease and EV71 infection: a hospital-based study - Mei Zeng, Dongbo Pu, Xiaowei Mo, Chaomin Zhu, Sitang Gong, Yi Xu, Guangyu Lin, Beiyan Wu, Suli He, Xiaoyang Jiao, Xiangshi Wang, Xiaohong Wang, Qianqian Zhu and Ralf Altmeyer

46 Assessing the fitness of distinct clades of influenza A (H9N2) viruses - The SJCEIRS H9 Working Group

47 Slow immunological progression in HIV-1 CRF07_BC-infected injecting drug users - Pi-Han Lin, Chung-Chih Lai, Jia-Ling Yang, Hui-Lin Huang, Ming-Siang Huang, Mao-Song Tsai, Chia-Jui Yang, Chien-Ling Cheng, Yi-Ching Su, Shu-Fang Chang, Wen-Chun Liu, Chien-Ching Hung, Sui-Yuan Chang and Shan-Chwen Chang

48 A threshold analysis of dengue transmission in terms of weather variables and imported dengue cases in Australia - Xiaodong Huang, Archie CA Clements, Gail Williams, Gabriel Milinovich and Wenbiao Hu

49 Silent geographical spread of the H7N9 virus by online knowledge analysis of the live bird trade with a distributed focused crawler - Chen Chen, Shan Lu, Pengcheng Du, Haiyin Wang, Weiwen Yu, Huawen Song and Jianguo Xu