TABLE OF CONTENT 2017

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

1 Lack of evidence for Zika virus transmission by Culex mosquitoes - Christopher M Roundy, Sasha R Azar, Aaron C Brault, Gregory D Ebel, Anna-Bella Failloux, Ildefonso Fernandez-Salas, Uriel Kitron, Laura D Kramer, Ricardo Lourenço-de-Oliveira, Jorge E Osorio, Igor D Paploski, Gonzalo M Vazquez-Prokopec, Guilherme S Ribeiro, Scott A Ritchie, Laura B Tauro, Nikos Vasilakis, Scott C Weaver

2 An isolate of Vibrio campbellii carrying the pirVP gene causes acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease - Xuan Dong, Hailiang Wang, Guosi Xie, Peizhuo Zou, Chengcheng Guo, Yan Liang, Jie Huang

3 A sensitive and specific point-of-care detection assay for Zaire Ebola virus - Xiao-Ai Zhang, Sabrina Li, Jesus Ching, Hui-Ying Feng, Kun Yang, David L Dolinger, Long-Di Zhang, Pan-He Zhang, Wei Liu & Wu-Chun Cao

4 Neonatal pigs are susceptible to experimental Zika virus infection - Joseph Darbellay, Kenneth Lai, Shawn Babiuk, Yohannes Berhane, Aruna Ambagala, Colette Wheler, Donald Wilson, Stewart Walker, Andrew Potter, Matthew Gilmour, David Safronetz, Volker Gerdts & Uladzimir Karniychuk

5 Multilocus sequence typing identifies an avian-like Chlamydia psittaci strain involved in equine placentitis and associated with subsequent human psittacosis - Martina Jelocnik, James Branley, Jane Heller, Shane Raidal, Susan Alderson, Francesca Galea, Melinda Gabor & Adam Polkinghorne

6 Mutation in clpC1 encoding an ATP-dependent ATPase involved in protein degradation is associated with pyrazinamide resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Shuo Zhang, Jiazhen Chen, Wanliang Shi, Peng Cui, Jia Zhang, Sanghyun Cho, Wenhong Zhang & Ying Zhang

7 Environmental surfaces used in entry-day corralling likely contribute to the spread of influenza A virus in swine at agricultural fairs - Sarah E Lauterbach, Michele M Zentkovich, Sarah W Nelson, Jacqueline M Nolting & Andrew S Bowman

8 AXL is not essential for Zika virus infection in the mouse brain - Feng Li, Pei-Rong Wang, Lin-Bing Qu, Chang-Hua Yi, Fu-Chun Zhang, Xiao-Ping Tang, Li-Guo Zhang & Ling Chen

9 Recent emergence of a novel porcine pestivirus: interference with classical swine fever diagnosis? - Alexander Postel, Denise Meyer, Anja Petrov & Paul Becher

10 Precision immunomedicine - Tianlei Ying, Yumei Wen & Dimiter S Dimitrov

11 Identification of drug candidates that enhance pyrazinamide activity from a clinical compound library - Hongxia Niu, Chao Ma, Peng Cui, Wanliang Shi, Shuo Zhang, Jie Feng, David Sullivan, Bingdong Zhu, Wenhong Zhang & Ying Zhang

12 Varying effects of common tuberculosis drugs on enhancing clofazimine activity in vitro - Shuo Zhang, Wanliang Shi, Jie Feng, Wenhong Zhang & Ying Zhang

13 Emergence of IntI1 associated blaVIM-2 gene cassette-mediated carbapenem resistance in opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas stutzeri - Sabrin Bashar, Santonu Kumar Sanyal, Munawar Sultana & M Anwar Hossain

14 West Nile virus infection in suspected febrile typhoid cases in Xinjiang, China - Lei Cao, Shihong Fu, Zhi Lv, Chengjun Tang, Shiheng Cui, Xiaolong Li, Xiaoyan Gao, Minghua Li, Yuxi Cao, Wenwen Lei, Ying He, Huanyu Wang & Guodong Liang

15 Recombinant feline parvovirus infection of immunized tigers in central China - Xingang Wang, Tongyi Li, Hongying Liu, Jimei Du, Feng Zhou, Yanming Dong, Xiuyuan He, Yongtao Li & Chuanqing Wang

16 Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype family strain isolated from naturally infected plateau zokor (Myospalax baileyi) in China - Lin Sun, Xiang Chen, Wenhai Zhang, Gencheng Huang, Yuanyuan Zhang, Zhengzhong Xu, Baofa Yin, Wanhong Wei, Xinan Jiao & Kanglin Wan

17 Human infections with novel reassortant H5N6 avian influenza viruses in China– Ye Zhang, Minmei Chen, Yiwei Huang, Wenfei Zhu, Lei Yang, Lidong Gao, Xiaodan Li, Fuyin Bi, Chaoyang Huang, Ning Kang, Hengjiao Zhang, Zi Li, Hong Bo, Dayan Wang & Yuelong Shu

18 An outbreak of echovirus 18 encephalitis/meningitis in children in Hebei Province, China, 2015 - Xiangpeng Chen, Jingjie Li, Jiayun Guo, Wenbo Xu, Suzhen Sun & Zhengde Xie

19 Primary osteomyelitis caused by an NDM-1-producing K. pneumoniae strain of the highly virulent sequence type 23 - Fabrice Compain, Alexis Vandenberghe, Marie Gominet, Nathalie Genel, David Lebeaux, Astrid Ramahefasolo, Isabelle Podglajen & Dominique Decré

20 Astroviruses in bats, Madagascar - Camille Lebarbenchon, Beza Ramasindrazana, Léa Joffrin, Sandra Bos, Erwan Lagadec, Gildas Le Minter, Yann Gomard, Pablo Tortosa, David A Wilkinson, Steven M Goodman & Patrick Mavingui

21 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ST34 co-expressing blaNDM-5 and blaCTX-M-55 isolated in China - Lang Yang, Xiaofeng Hu, Xuebin Xu, Chaojie Yang, Jing Xie, Rongzhang Hao, Xinying Du, Ligui Wang, Leili Jia, Peng Li, Shaofu Qiu & Hongbin Song

22 A two-step algorithm for rapid diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis in entry applicants using the T-SPOT.TB and Xpert MTB/RIF assays in Shanghai, China - Chengyan Meng, Yaojie Shen, Jian Wang, Sen Wang, Xinchang Chen, Shenglei Yu, Wei Ye & Jing Wu

23 Response to: ‘Lack of evidence for Zika virus transmission by Culex mosquitoes’ - Constância Ayres, Duschinka Guedes, Marcelo Paiva, Mariana Donato, Priscilla Barbosa, Larissa Krokovsky, Sura Rocha, Karina Saraiva, Mônica Crespo, Tatiana Rezende, Gabriel Wallau, Rosângela Barbosa, Cláudia Oliveira, Maria Alice Melo-Santos, Lindomar Pena, Marli Cordeiro, Rafael Franca, André Oliveira, Christina Peixoto & Walter S Leali

24 Could Zika virus emerge in Mainland China? Virus isolation from nature in Culex quinquefasciatus, 2016 - Song Song, Yuanyuan Li, Shihong Fu, Hong Liu, Xiaolong Li, Xiaoyan Gao, Ziqian Xu, Guoping Liu, Dingming Wang, Zhenzao Tian, Jingzhu Zhou, Ying He, Wenwen Lei, Huanyu Wang, Bin Wang, Xiaoqing Lu & Guodong Liang

25 Campylobacter fetus meningitis confirmed by a 16S rRNA gene analysis using the MinION nanopore sequencer, South Korea, 2016 - Jangsup Moon, Narae Kim, Han Sang Lee, Hye-Rim Shin, Soon-Tae Lee, Keun-Hwa Jung, Kyung-Il Park, Sang Kun Lee & Kon Chu

26 HIV-1 Env DNA prime plus gp120 and gp70-V1V2 boosts induce high level of V1V2-specific IgG and ADCC responses and low level of Env-specific IgA response: implication for improving RV144 vaccine regimen - Qian Wang, Yanyan Dai, Zhiwu Sun, Xiaojie Su, Yufeng Yu, Chen Hua, Wei Xu, Shibo Jiang & Lu Lu

27 Severe illness caused by Rickettsia sibirica subspecies sibirica BJ-90 infection, China - Hao Li, Xue-Ying Fu, Jia-Fu Jiang, Rui-Xia Liu, Ran Li, Yuan-Chun Zheng, Wen-Jie Qi, Wei Liu & Wu-Chun Cao

28 Zika virus evolution on the edges of the Pacific ocean -Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol, Laure Diancourt, Elodie Calvez, Mathias Vandenbogaert, Olivia O'Connor, Anita Teissier, Morgane Pol, Maite Aubry, Oumar Faye, Douglas Tou, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau & Valérie Caro

REVIEWS

29 Zika virus genome biology and molecular pathogenesis - Anyou Wang, Stephanie Thurmond, Leonel Islas, Kingyung Hui & Rong Hai

30 Diversity and role of cave-dwelling hematophagous insects in pathogen transmission in the Afrotropical region - Judicaël Obame-Nkoghe, Eric-Maurice Leroy & Christophe Paupy

31 Histo-blood group antigens as receptors for rotavirus, new understanding on rotavirus epidemiology and vaccine strategy - Xi Jiang, Yang Liu & Ming Tan

32 Global and local environmental changes as drivers of Buruli ulcer emergence - Marine Combe, Camilla Jensen Velvin, Aaron Morris, Andres Garchitorena, Kevin Carolan, Daniel Sanhueza, Benjamin Roche, Pierre Couppié, Jean-François Guégan & Rodolphe Elie Gozlan

33 Humoral cross-reactivity between Zika and dengue viruses: implications for protection and pathology - Lalita Priyamvada, William Hudson, Rafi Ahmed & Jens Wrammert

34 Disease reservoirs: from conceptual frameworks to applicable criteria - Luisa K Hallmaier-Wacker, Vincent J Munster & Sascha Knauf

35 Tick-borne encephalitis in Japan, Republic of Korea and China - Kentaro Yoshii, Joon Young Song, Seong-Beom Park, Junfeng Yang & Heinz-Josef Schmitt

36 Vector competence of European mosquitoes for West Nile virus - Chantal BF Vogels, Giel P Göertz, Gorben P Pijlman & Constantianus JM Koenraadt

NEWS & VIEWS

37 To announce or not to announce: What is known about the 2016–2017 influenza season in Hong Kong? - Pak-Hin Hinson Cheung, Chi-Ping Chan & Dong-Yan Jin

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

38 Systematic, active surveillance for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in camels in Egypt - Mohamed A Ali, Mahmoud M Shehata, Mokhtar R Gomaa, Ahmed Kandeil, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Ahmed S Kayed, Ahmed N El-Taweel, Mohamed Atea, Nagla Hassan, Ola Bagato, Yassmin Moatasim, Sara H Mahmoud, Omnia Kutkat, Asmaa M Maatouq, Ahmed Osman, Pamela P McKenzie, Richard J Webby & Ghazi Kayali

39 Identification and evolutionary dynamics of two novel human coronavirus OC43 genotypes associated with acute respiratory infections: phylogenetic, spatiotemporal and transmission network analyses - Xiang Yong Oong, Kim Tien Ng, Yutaka Takebe, Liang Jie Ng, Kok Gan Chan, Jack Bee Chook, Adeeba Kamarulzaman & Kok Keng Tee

40 The first imported case of Rift Valley fever in China reveals a genetic reassortment of different viral lineages- Jingyuan Liu, Yulan Sun, Weifeng Shi, Shuguang Tan, Yang Pan, Shujuan Cui, Qingchao Zhang, Xiangfeng Dou, Yanning Lv, Xinyu Li, Xitai Li, Lijuan Chen, Chuansong Quan, Qianli Wang, Yingze Zhao, Qiang lv, Wenhao Hua, Hui Zeng, Zhihai Chen, Haofeng Xiong, Chengyu Jiang, Xinghuo Pang, Fujie Zhang, Mifang Liang, Guizhen Wu, George F Gao, William J Liu, Ang Li & Quanyi Wang- Show fewer authors

41 Metataxonomics reveal vultures as a reservoir for Clostridium perfringens - Xiangli Meng, Shan Lu, Jing Yang, Dong Jin, Xiaohong Wang, Xiangning Bai, Yumeng Wen, Yiting Wang, Lina Niu, Changyun Ye, Ramon Rosselló-Móra & Jianguo Xu

42 Insight into live bird markets of Bangladesh: an overview of the dynamics of transmission of H5N1 and H9N2 avian influenza viruses - Jasmine C M Turner, Mohammed M Feeroz, M Kamrul Hasan, Sharmin Akhtar, David Walker, Patrick Seiler, Subrata Barman, John Franks, Lisa Jones-Engel, Pamela McKenzie, Scott Krauss, Richard J Webby, Ghazi Kayali & Robert G Webster

43 Variability in H9N2 haemagglutinin receptor-binding preference and the pH of fusion - Thomas P Peacock, Donald J Benton, Jean-Remy Sadeyen, Pengxiang Chang, Joshua E Sealy, Juliet E Bryant, Stephen R Martin, Holly Shelton, John W McCauley, Wendy S Barclay & Munir Iqbal

44 Clinical features and viral quasispecies characteristics associated with infection by the hepatitis B virus G145R immune escape mutant - Yuan Xue, Ming-Jie Wang, Zhi-Tao Yang, De-Min Yu, Yue Han, Dao Huang, Dong-Hua Zhang & Xin-Xin Zhang

45 Discovery and genetic analysis of novel coronaviruses in least horseshoe bats in southwestern China - Lihua Wang, Shihong Fu, Yuxi Cao, Hailin Zhang, Yun Feng, Weihong Yang, Kai Nie, Xuejun Ma & Guodong Liang

46 Pathogenicity and transmission of a swine influenza A(H6N6) virus - Hailiang Sun, Bryan S Kaplan, Minhui Guan, Guihong Zhang, Jianqiang Ye, Li-Ping Long, Sherry Blackmon, Chun-Kai Yang, Meng-Jung Chiang, Hang Xie, Nan Zhao, Jim Cooley, David F Smith, Ming Liao, Carol Cardona, Lei Li, George Peng Wang, Richard Webby & Xiu-Feng Wan

47 Rickettsial seropositivity in the indigenous community and animal farm workers, and vector surveillance in Peninsular Malaysia - Kai Ling Kho, Fui Xian Koh, Lailatul Insyirah Mohd Hasan, Li Ping Wong, Masoumeh Ghane Kisomi, Awang Bulgiba, Quaza Nizamuddin Hassan Nizam & Sun Tee Tay

48 Vector competence and transovarial transmission of two Aedes aegypti strains to Zika virus - Chun-xiao Li, Xiao-xia Guo, Yong-qiang Deng, Dan Xing, Ai-juan Sun, Qin-mei Liu, Qun Wu, Yan-de Dong, Ying-mei Zhang, Heng-duan Zhang, Wu-chun Cao, Cheng-feng Qin & Tong-yan Zhao

49 Zika virus infection reprograms global transcription of host cells to allow sustained infection - Shashi Kant Tiwari, Jason Dang, Yue Qin, Gianluigi Lichinchi, Vikas Bansal & Tariq M Rana

50 Hepatitis A virus infections and outbreaks in asylum seekers arriving to Germany, September 2015 to March 2016 - Kai Michaelis, Jürgen J Wenzel, Klaus Stark & Mirko Faber

51 Full genetic characterization and epidemiology of a novel amdoparvovirus in striped skunk (Mephitis mephitis) - Marta Canuti, Hillary E Doyle, Ann P Britton & Andrew S Lang

52 Crowdsourcing-based nationwide tick collection reveals the distribution of Ixodes ricinus and I. persulcatus and associated pathogens in Finland - Maija Laaksonen, Eeva Sajanti, Jani J Sormunen, Ritva Penttinen, Jari Hänninen, Kai Ruohomäki, Ilari Sääksjärvi, Eero J Vesterinen, Ilppo Vuorinen, Jukka Hytönen & Tero Klemola

53 Seroepidemiology of enterovirus D68 infection in China - Zichun Xiang, Linlin Li, Lili Ren, Li Guo, Zhengde Xie, Chunyan Liu, Taisheng Li, Ming Luo, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà, Wenbo Xu & Jianwei Wang

54 Aetiology of acute meningoencephalitis in Cambodian children, 2010–2013 - Paul F Horwood, Veasna Duong, Denis Laurent, Channa Mey, Heng Sothy, Ky Santy, Beat Richner, Seiha Heng, Sopheak Hem, Justine Cheval, Christopher Gorman, Philippe Dussart, Menno D de Jong, Alexandra Kerleguer, Bertrand Guillard, Bernadette Murgue, Marc Lecuit, Xavier de Lamballerie, Jeremy J Farrar, Arnaud Tarantola, Marc Eloit & Philippe Buchy

55 A new model of self-resolving leptospirosis in mice infected with a strain of Leptospira interrogans serovar Autumnalis harboring LPS signaling only through TLR4 - Bili Xia, Le Sun, Xia Fan, Haihan Xiao, Yongzhang Zhu, Jinhong Qin, Chengsong Cai, Wei Zhao, Yung-Fu Chang, Yan Zhang, Xiaokui Guo & Ping He

56 A novel neutralizing monoclonal antibody targeting the N-terminal domain of the MERS-CoV spike protein - Yingzhu Chen, Shuai Lu, Hao Jia, Yao Deng, Jianfang Zhou, Baoying Huang, Yueyang Yu, Jiaming Lan, Wenling Wang, Yongliang Lou, Kun Qin & Wenjie Tan

57 Novel highly divergent sapoviruses detected by metagenomics analysis in straw-colored fruit bats in Cameroon - Claude Kwe Yinda, Nádia Conceição-Neto, Mark Zeller, Elisabeth Heylen, Piet Maes, Stephen Mbigha Ghogomu, Marc Van Ranst & Jelle Matthijnssens

58 Nuclear translocation of HIF-1α induced by influenza A (H1N1) infection is critical to the production of proinflammatory cytokines - Xinkun Guo, Zhaoqin Zhu, Wanju Zhang, Xiaoxiao Meng, Yong Zhu, Peng Han, Xiaohui Zhou, Yunwen Hu & Ruilan Wang

59 A novel preventive strategy against HIV-1 infection: combinatorial use of inhibitors targeting the nucleocapsid and fusion proteins - Yu Yang, Jingyu Zhu, Matthew Hassink, Lisa M Miller Jenkins, Yanmin Wan, Daniel H Appella, Jianqing Xu, Ettore Appella & Xiaoyan Zhang

60 Seroprevalence of neutralizing antibodies against adenovirus type 14 and 55 in healthy adults in Southern China - Xuehua Zheng, Xia Rong, Ying Feng, Xikui Sun, Liang Li, Qian Wang, Min Wang, Wenkuan Liu, Chufang Li, Yiyu Yang, Rong Zhou, Jiahai Lu, Liqiang Feng & Ling Chen

61 Isolation and characterization of Listeria species from rodents in natural environments in China - Yan Wang, Liang Lu, Ruiting Lan, Joelle K Salazar, Jingli Liu, Jianguo Xu & Changyun Ye

62 Predictors of seropositivity for human herpesvirus type 8 in patients with mild cirrhosis - Kuo-Chih Tseng, Ming-Nan Lin, Tang-Yuan Chu, Jen-Pi Tsai & Cheng-Chuan Su

63 T-cell-dependent mechanisms promote Ebola VLP-induced antibody responses, but are dispensable for vaccine-mediated protection - Christopher L Cooper, Karen A Martins, Sabrina M Stronsky, David P Langan, Jesse Steffens, Sean Van Tongeren & Sina Bavari

64 Identification and evaluation of the novel immunodominant antigen Rv2351c from Mycobacterium tuberculosis - Xuezhi Wang, Shuangshuang Chen, Yongjuan Xu, Huajun Zheng, Tongyang Xiao, Yuqing Li, Xing Chen, Mingxiang Huang, Haifeng Zhang, Xijing Fang, Yi Jiang, Machao Li, Haican Liu & Kanglin Wan

65 Additional molecular testing of saliva specimens improves the detection of respiratory viruses - Kelvin KW To, Lu Lu, Cyril CY Yip, Rosana WS Poon, Ami MY Fung, Andrew Cheng, Daniel HK Lui, Deborah TY Ho, Ivan FN Hung, Kwok-Hung Chan & Kwok-Yung Yuen

66 Comparative epidemiology of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) in Saudi Arabia and South Korea - Xin Chen, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Amalie Dyda & Chandini Raina MacIntyre

67 Infections of horses and shrews with Bornaviruses in Upper Austria: a novel endemic area of Borna disease - Herbert Weissenböck, Zoltán Bagó, Jolanta Kolodziejek, Barbara Hager, Günter Palmetzhofer, Ralf Dürrwald & Norbert Nowotny

68 Coronavirus HKU15 in respiratory tract of pigs and first discovery of coronavirus quasispecies in 5′-untranslated region - Patrick CY Woo, Susanna KP Lau, Chi-Ching Tsang, Candy CY Lau, Po-Chun Wong, Franklin WN Chow, Jordan YH Fong & Kwok-Yung Yuen

69 Differences in sequences between HBV-relaxed circular DNA and covalently closed circular DNA - Magda Rybicka, Anna Woziwodzka, Tomasz Romanowski, Piotr Stalke, Marcin Dręczewski & Krzysztof Piotr Bielawski

70 Longitudinal study of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus infection in dromedary camel herds in Saudi Arabia, 2014–2015 -Maged Gomaa Hemida, Abdulmohsen Alnaeem, Daniel KW Chu, Ranawaka APM Perera, Samuel MS Chan, Faisal Almathen, Emily Yau, Brian CY Ng, Richard J Webby, Leo LM Poon & Malik Peiris

71 HIV-1 gp41-targeting fusion inhibitory peptides enhance the gp120-targeting protein-mediated inactivation of HIV-1 virions - Qianqian Qi, Qian Wang, Weizao Chen, Lanying Du, Dimiter S Dimitrov, Lu Lu & Shibo Jiang

72 Modelling person-to-person transmission in an Enterovirus A71 orally infected hamster model of hand-foot-and-mouth disease and encephalomyelitis - Win Kyaw Phyu, Kien Chai Ong & Kum Thong Wong

73 Phylogenetic analysis reveals two genotypes of the emerging fungus Mucor indicus, an opportunistic human pathogen in immunocompromised patients - Saad J Taj-Aldeen, Muna Almaslamani, Bart Theelen & Teun Boekhout

74 Antigens Rv0310c and Rv1255c are promising novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection - Liulin Luo, Lin Zhu, Jun Yue, Jianping Liu, Guoyuan Liu, Xuelian Zhang, Honghai Wang & Ying Xu

75 Coxsackievirus A16 utilizes cell surface heparan sulfate glycosaminoglycans as its attachment receptor - Xueyang Zhang, Jinping Shi, Xiaohua Ye, Zhiqiang Ku, Chao Zhang, Qingwei Liu & Zhong Huang

76 Outer membrane vesicle-associated lipase FtlA enhances cellular invasion and virulence in Francisella tularensis LVS - Fei Chen, Guolin Cui, Shuxia Wang, Manoj Kumar Mohan Nair, Lihong He, Xinyi Qi, Xiangmin Han, Hanqi Zhang, Jing-Ren Zhang & Jingliang Su

77 A quantitative and efficient approach to select MIRU–VNTR loci based on accumulation of the percentage differences of strains for discriminating divergent Mycobacterium tuberculosis sublineages -Xin-Ling Pan, Chun-Lei Zhang, Chie Nakajima, Jin Fu, Chang-Xia Shao, Li-Na Zhao, Jia-Yi Cui, Na Jiao, Chang-Long Fan, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Toshio Hattori, Di Li & Hong Ling

78 Zika virus replication in the mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus in Brazil - Duschinka RD Guedes, Marcelo HS Paiva, Mariana MA Donato, Priscilla P Barbosa, Larissa Krokovsky, Sura W dos S Rocha, Karina LA Saraiva, Mônica M Crespo, Tatiana MT Rezende, Gabriel L Wallau, Rosângela MR Barbosa, Cláudia MF Oliveira, Maria AV Melo-Santos, Lindomar Pena, Marli T Cordeiro, Rafael F de O Franca, André LS de Oliveira, Christina A Peixoto, Walter S Leal & Constância FJ Ayres

79 Dengue burden in India: recent trends and importance of climatic parameters - Srinivasa Rao Mutheneni, Andrew P Morse, Cyril Caminade & Suryanaryana Murty Upadhyayula

80 Role of domestic ducks in the emergence of a new genotype of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza A viruses in Bangladesh - Subrata Barman, Atanaska Marinova-Petkova, M Kamrul Hasan, Sharmin Akhtar, Rabeh El-Shesheny, Jasmine CM Turner, John Franks, David Walker, Jon Seiler, Kimberly Friedman, Lisa Kercher, Trushar Jeevan, Daniel Darnell, Ghazi Kayali, Lisa Jones-Engel, Pamela McKenzie, Scott Krauss, Richard J Webby, Robert G Webster & Mohammed M Feeroz

81 Tuberculosis/cryptococcosis co-infection in China between 1965 and 2016 -Wenjie Fang, Lei Zhang, Jia Liu, David W Denning, Ferry Hagen, Weiwei Jiang, Nan Hong, Shuwen Deng, Xia Lei, Danqi Deng, Wanqing Liao, Jianping Xu, Teun Boekhout, Min Chen & Weihua Pan

82 Identification of a natural recombinant transmissible gastroenteritis virus between Purdue and Miller clusters in China - Xin Zhang, Yunnuan Zhu, Xiangdong Zhu, Hongyan Shi, Jianfei Chen, Da Shi, Jing Yuan, Liyan Cao, Jianbo Liu, Hui Dong, Zhaoyang Jing, Jialin Zhang, Xiaobo Wang & Li Feng

83 Red blood cells release microparticles containing human argonaute 2 and miRNAs to target genes of Plasmodium falciparum - Zhensheng Wang, Juemin Xi, Xiao Hao, Weiwei Deng, Juan Liu, Chunyan Wei, Yuhui Gao, Lianhui Zhang & Heng Wang

84 Origin and invasion of the emerging infectious pathogen Sphaerothecum destruens - Salma Sana, Emilie A Hardouin, Rodolphe E Gozlan, Didem Ercan, Ali Serhan Tarkan, Tiantian Zhang & Demetra Andreou

85 Zika virus infects renal proximal tubular epithelial cells with prolonged persistency and cytopathic effects - Jian Chen, Yi-feng Yang, Jun Chen, Xiaohui Zhou, Zhaoguang Dong, Tianyue Chen, Yu Yang, Peng Zou, Biao Jiang, Yunwen Hu, Lu Lu, Xiaoyan Zhang, Jia Liu, Jianqing Xu & Tongyu Zhu

86 Surveillance for highly pathogenic influenza A viruses in California during 2014–2015 provides insights into viral evolutionary pathways and the spatiotemporal extent of viruses in the Pacific Americas Flyway - Andrew M Ramey, Nichola J Hill, Troy Cline, Magdalena Plancarte, Susan De La Cruz, Michael L Casazza, Joshua T Ackerman, Joseph P Fleskes, T Winston Vickers, Andrew B Reeves, Frances Gulland, Christine Fontaine, Diann J Prosser, Jonathan A Runstadler & Walter M Boyce

87 Zika virus infection confers protection against West Nile virus challenge in mice - Ángela Vázquez-Calvo, Ana-Belén Blázquez, Estela Escribano-Romero, Teresa Merino-Ramos, Juan-Carlos Saiz, Miguel A Martín-Acebes & Nereida Jiménez de Oya

88 Cultivation of Anaplasma ovis in the HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia cell line - Ran Wei, Hong-Bo Liu, Frans Jongejan, Bao-Gui Jiang, Qiao-Cheng Chang, Xue Fu, Jia-Fu Jiang, Na Jia & Wu-Chun Cao

89 Novel and classical human astroviruses in stool and cerebrospinal fluid: comprehensive screening in a tertiary care hospital, Switzerland - Samuel Cordey, Diem-Lan Vu, Marie-Celine Zanella, Lara Turin, Aline Mamin & Laurent Kaiser

90 Usutu virus, Austria and Hungary, 2010–2016 - Tamás Bakonyi, Károly Erdélyi, René Brunthaler, Ádám Dán, Herbert Weissenböck & Norbert Nowotny

91 Molecular analysis of pyrazinamide resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Vietnam highlights the high rate of pyrazinamide resistance-associated mutations in clinical isolates - Nguyen Quang Huy, Contamin Lucie, Tran Thi Thanh Hoa, Nguyen Van Hung, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan, Nguyen Thai Son, Nguyen Viet Nhung, Dang Duc Anh, Bañuls Anne-Laure & Nguyen Thi Van Anhv

92 Epidemiology and antifungal susceptibility of candidemia isolates of non-albicans Candida species from cancer patients - Ping-Feng Wu, Wei-Lun Liu, Min-Han Hsieh, Ing-Moi Hii, Yu-Lin Lee, Yi-Tsung Lin, Mao-Wang Ho, Chun-Eng Liu, Yen-Hsu Chen & Fu-Der Wang

93 Genetic variation of Sporothrix globosa isolates from diverse geographic and clinical origins in China - Lipei Zhao, Yan Cui, Yu Zhen, Lei Yao, Ying Shi, Yang Song, Ruili Chen & Shanshan Li

94 Neutralization of Zika virus by germline-like human monoclonal antibodies targeting cryptic epitopes on envelope domain III - Yanling Wu, Shun Li, Lanying Du, Chunyu Wang, Peng Zou, Binbin Hong, Mengjiao Yuan, Xiaonan Ren, Wanbo Tai, Yu Kong, Chen Zhou, Lu Lu, Xiaohui Zhou, Shibo Jiang & Tianlei Ying

95 Comparative genomic analysis of two emergent human adenovirus type 14 respiratory pathogen isolates in China reveals similar yet divergent genomes - Qiwei Zhang, Shuping Jing, Zetao Cheng, Zhiwu Yu, Shoaleh Dehghan, Amirhossein Shamsaddini, Yuqian Yan, Min Li & Donald Seto

96 Hepatitis C virus genotypes and subtypes circulating in Mainland China - Ying Chen, Changshun Yu, Xueru Yin, Xiaolei Guo, Shangwei Wu & Jinlin Hou

97 Improvement in clinical outcome and infection control using molecular diagnostic techniques for early detection of MDR tuberculous spondylitis: a multicenter retrospective study - Wenjie Wu, Jingtong Lyu, Peng Cheng, Yuan Cheng, Zehua Zhang, Litao Li, Yonghong Zheng & Jianzhong Xu

98 Establishment of a fluorescent in situ hybridization assay for imaging hepatitis B virus nucleic acids in cell culture models - Xiaonan Zhang, Lei Yue, Zhanqing Zhang & Zhenghong Yuan

99 Specific detection of dengue and Zika virus antibodies using envelope proteins with mutations in the conserved fusion loop - Alexandra Rockstroh, Beyene Moges, Luisa Barzon, Alessandro Sinigaglia, Giorgio Palù, Widuranga Kumbukgolla, Jonas Schmidt-Chanasit, Manoel Sarno, Carlos Brites, Andres Moreira-Soto, Jan Felix Drexler, Orlando C Ferreira & Sebastian Ulbert

100 A comparative study on the characterization of hepatitis B virus quasispecies by clone-based sequencing and third-generation sequencing - Jing Li, Mingjie Wang, Demin Yu, Yue Han, Zhitao Yang, Lei Wang, Xinxin Zhang & Feng Liu

101 Diversity of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronaviruses in 109 dromedary camels based on full-genome sequencing, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates - Mohammed Farouk Yusof, Krista Queen, Yassir Mohammed Eltahir, Clinton R Paden, Zulaikha Mohamed Abdel Hameed Al Hammadi, Ying Tao, Yan Li, Abdelmalik Ibrahim Khalafalla, Mang Shi, Jing Zhang, Muzammil Sayed Ahmed Elhaj Mohamed, Mahmud Hamed Abd Elaal Ahmed, Ihsaan Abdulwahab Azeez, Oum Keltoum Bensalah, Ziyada Swar Eldahab, Farida Ismail Al Hosani, Susan I Gerber, Aron J Hall, Suxiang Tong & Salama Suhail Al Muhairi

102 Isolation and molecular characterization of prevalent Fowl adenovirus strains in southwestern China during 2015–2016 for the development of a control strategy - Jing Xia, Ke-Chang Yao, Yue-Yue Liu, Guo-Jin You, Su-Yun Li, Ping Liu, Qin Zhao, Yi-Ping Wen Rui Wu, Xiao-Bo Huang, San-Jie Cao, Xin-Feng Han & Yong Huang

103 Meteorological factors affect the epidemiology of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome via altering the breeding and hantavirus-carrying states of rodents and mites: a 9 years’ longitudinal study - Fachun Jiang, Ling Wang, Shuo Wang, Lin Zhu, Liyan Dong, Zhentang Zhang, Bi Hao, Fan Yang, Wenbin Liu, Yang Deng, Yun Zhang, Yajun Ma, Bei Pan, Yalin Han, Hongyan Ren & Guangwen Cao

104 A leptospiral AAA+ chaperone–Ntn peptidase complex, HslUV, contributes to the intracellular survival of Leptospira interrogans in hosts and the transmission of leptospirosis - Shi-Lei Dong, Wei-Lin Hu, Yu-Mei Ge, David M Ojcius, Xu'ai Lin & Jie Yan

105 Genetic evolution of influenza H9N2 viruses isolated from various hosts in China from 1994 to 2013 - Chong Li, Shuoguo Wang, Guoxia Bing, Robert A Carter, Zejiang Wang, Jinliang Wang, Chenxi Wang, Lan Wang, Gang Wu, Robert G Webster, Yongqiang Wang, Honglei Sun, Yipeng Sun, Jinhua Liu & Juan Pu

106 Maintaining pH-dependent conformational flexibility of M1 is critical for efficient influenza A virus replication - Meng-Jung Chiang, Faik N Musayev, Martina Kosikova, Zhengshi Lin, Yamei Gao, Philip D Mosier, Bashayer Althufairi, Zhiping Ye, Qibing Zhou, Umesh R Desai, Hang Xie & Martin K Safo

107 Triazole phenotypes and genotypic characterization of clinical Aspergillus fumigatus isolates in China - Shuwen Deng, Lili Zhang, Yanfeng Ji, Paul E Verweij, Kin Ming Tsui, Ferry Hagen, Jos Houbraken, Jacque F Meis, Parida Abliz, Xiaodong Wang, Jingjun Zhao & Wanqing Liao

108 Development of an influenza virus protein microarray to measure the humoral response to influenza virus infection in mallards - Philip Meade, Neus Latorre-Margalef, David E Stallknecht & Florian Krammer

109 Disordered oropharyngeal microbial communities in H7N9 patients with or without secondary bacterial lung infection - Hai-feng Lu, Ang Li, Ting Zhang, Zhi-gang Ren, Kang-xin He, Hua Zhang, Jie-zuan Yang, Qi-xia Luo, Kai Zhou, Chun-lei Chen, Xia-liang Chen, Zhong-wen Wu & Lan-juan Li

110 Incidence of anogenital warts in Liuzhou, south China: a comparison of data from a prospective study and from the national surveillance system - Feixue Wei, Wei Sheng, Xin Wu, Kai Yin, Jian Lan, Yue Huang, Xinjing Ma, Ya Zheng, Sijie Zhuang, Shoujie Huang, Yingying Su, Mingqiang Li, Ting Wu, Jun Zhang & Ningshao Xia

111 Dengue viruses in Papua New Guinea: evidence of endemicity and phylogenetic variation, including the evolution of new genetic lineages - Peter R Moore, Andrew F van den Hurk, John S Mackenzie & Alyssa T Pyke

112 Clinical characteristics and molecular epidemiology of hepatitis E in Shenzhen, China: a shift toward foodborne transmission of hepatitis E virus infection - Siddharth Sridhar, Simon KF Lo, Fanfan Xing, Jin Yang, Haiyan Ye, Jasper FW Chan, Jade LL Teng, Chuan Huang, Cyril CY Yip, Susanna KP Lau & Patrick CY Woo

113 Longevity of antibody and T-cell responses against outer membrane antigens of Orientia tsutsugamushi in scrub typhus patients - Na-Young Ha, Yuri Kim, Chan-Ki Min, Hong-Il Kim, Nguyen Thi Hai Yen, Myung-Sik Choi, Jae-Seung Kang, Yeon-Sook Kim & Nam-Hyuk Cho